Angstrom Biotech Pvt. Ltd. Angstrom Biotech Pvt. Ltd.
Alkaline Phosphatase reagent
Sitemap | Feedback
 
Products
 
   
 
Biochemistry
The biochemical determinations are useful in diagnosing various clinical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, jaundice, pancreatitis, hyperlipidemia, gout etc. It is also useful in determining the severity of diseases of many organs such as liver, heart, kidneys etc. The clinical biochemistry tests, in relation to clinical conditions can,
 
  • Suggest effective treatment
  • Assist in monitoring progress of disease.
  • Helps in assessing response to therapy
  • Screen easy diagnosis.
  The individual clinical significance of basic biochemical tests is given briefly.
 
Albumin Albumin..................................................................
 
Normal Range : 3.2 - 5.5 gms/dl
Decreased level of Albumin (Hypoalbuminemia)
  • In case of excessive protein loss from kidney, skin, intestine.
  • Mal-absorption
  • Liver disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperthyroidism
Increased level of Albumin is not clinically significant
 
Alkaline Phosphatase Alkaline Phosphatase................................................
 
Normal Range Children (3-15 yrs) : 250-770 IU/L at 370C
  Adults : 100-250 IU/L at 370C
Increase in activity is seen in
  • Diseases of bone
  • Biliary tract or liver disease
  • Due to drugs like androgens, estrogens etc.
Decrease in activity is observed in
  • Severe anemia
  • Scurvy
  • Cretinism
  • Kwashiorkar
 
Amylase Amylase ...............................................................
  Mainly used to diagnose pancreatic disorders.
 
Normal Range : 35-140 IU/L at 370C
Increase is seen in
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Biliary tract disorders
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Severe glomerular dysfunction
  • Salivary gland disorders
 
Bilirubin Bilirubin................................................................
 
Normal Range :Total Bilirubin : 0-1.0 mg/dl
Direct Bilirubin : 0-0.3 mg/dl
Used for the diagnosis, differentiation and follow up of jaundice.
  Hemolytic Jaundice Hepatic Jaundice Obstructive Jaundice
Direct Bilirubin Normal Increased Increased
Indirect Bilirubin Increased Increased Normal
 
Calcium Calcium ....................................................................
 
Normal Range : 8.7 - 10.5 mg/dl
Elevated levels of calcium seen in
  • Condition of rapid demineralization of bone
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Neoplasia of bone
  • Hyperparathyroidism
Lower levels of calcium seen in
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Tetany
  • Occasionally in nephrosis & pancreatitis
 
Chloride Chloride...................................................................
 
Normal Range : 98-109 meq/dl
Decreased chloride (Hypochloremia) seen in
  • Chronic pyelonephritis -
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Renal failure
Increased chloride (Hyperchloremia) seen in,
  • Dehydration
  • Acute renal failure
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Congestive heart failure
 
Cholesterol Cholesterol................................................................
 
Normal Range : 140-250 mg/dl
Factors affecting cholesterol levels are
  • age stress
  • pregnancy
  • Hormonal imbalance
Low levels are observed in
  • Acute hepatitis
  • Malnutrition
  • Anemias
  • Hyperthyroidism
Increased levels are observed in
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
 
Back...
Next....
   
Biochemistry Biochemistry
Serology
Rapid Tests
Lab Aids
Instrument
 
Achivements
FDA Certified
FDA Certified
ISO 9000 Certification
ISO 9000 Certification